What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Name Email Address Question Thank you! Oops! Related Contents Forecast Life is as unpredictable as the weather. We’d love to help you prepare. What is an Adjuster? Do you know what an Adjuster is? Long-Term-Care Protection Strategies The chances of needing long-term care, its cost, and strategies for covering that cost.