What is a Claim? Claim[kleym]noun1.An insurance Claim is a policyholder’s request to an insurance company for restitution based on the terms of the insurance Policy. The insurance company, through an Adjuster, investigates the validity of the Claim and pays the policyholder. Share | Have A Question About This Topic? Address Thank you! Oops! Related Contents Coaches Coaches have helped you your whole life, in ways big and small. We’d like to be one of them. What is a Liability? Do you know what a Liability is? Long-Term-Care Protection Strategies The chances of needing long-term care, its cost, and strategies for covering that cost.